in estimating the radius of the turing circle of a ship at anchor.

The formula for the area of a circle is pi * radius squared. The circumference of a circle's

Formula of a circle in a Cartesian plane: (x-h) 2 + (y-k) 2 = r 2 where the center is at (h,k

2(pi)r^2

; Turning circles of a ship in the loaded and ballast conditions, at different speeds; Accelerating turn